Sound

A Sound stores the data for a sound. The supported sound formats are OGG, WAV, and MP3. Sounds cannot be played directly. Instead, there are Source objects in lovr.audio that are used for audio playback. All Source objects are backed by one of these Sounds, and multiple Sources can share a single Sound to reduce memory usage.

Metadata

Sounds hold a fixed number of frames. Each frame contains one audio sample for each channel. The SampleFormat of the Sound is the data type used for each sample (floating point, integer, etc.). The Sound has a ChannelLayout, representing the number of audio channels and how they map to speakers (mono, stereo, etc.). The sample rate of the Sound indicates how many frames should be played per second. The duration of the sound (in seconds) is the number of frames divided by the sample rate.

Compression

Sounds can be compressed. Compressed sounds are stored compressed in memory and are decoded as they are played. This uses a lot less memory but increases CPU usage during playback. OGG and MP3 are compressed audio formats. When creating a sound from a compressed format, there is an option to immediately decode it, storing it uncompressed in memory. It can be a good idea to decode short sound effects, since they won't use very much memory even when uncompressed and it will improve CPU usage. Compressed sounds can not be written to using Sound:setFrames.

Streams

Sounds can be created as a stream by passing 'stream' as their contents when creating them. Audio frames can be written to the end of the stream, and read from the beginning. This works well for situations where data is being generated in real time or streamed in from some other data source.

Sources can be backed by a stream and they'll just play whatever audio is pushed to the stream. The audio module also lets you use a stream as a "sink" for an audio device. For playback devices, this works like loopback, so the mixed audio from all playing Sources will get written to the stream. For capture devices, all the microphone input will get written to the stream. Conversion between sample formats, channel layouts, and sample rates will happen automatically.

Keep in mind that streams can still only hold a fixed number of frames. If too much data is written before it is read, older frames will start to get overwritten. Similary, it's possible to read too much data without writing fast enough.

Ambisonics

Ambisonic sounds can be imported from WAVs, but can not yet be played. Sounds with a ChannelLayout of ambisonic are stored as first-order full-sphere ambisonics using the AmbiX format (ACN channel ordering and SN3D channel normalization). The AMB format is supported for import and will automatically get converted to AmbiX. See lovr.data.newSound for more info.

Constructor

lovr.data.newSoundCreate a new Sound.

Methods

Sound:getBlobGet the bytes backing this Sound as a Blob.
Sound:getChannelCountGet the number of channels in the Sound.
Sound:getChannelLayoutGet the channel layout of the Sound.
Sound:isCompressedCheck if the Sound is compressed.
Sound:getDurationGet the duration of the Sound.
Sound:getFormatGet the sample format of the Sound.
Sound:getFrameCountGet the number of frames in the Sound.
Sound:getFramesRead frames from the Sound.
Sound:setFramesWrite frames to the Sound.
Sound:getSampleCountGet the number of samples in the Sound.
Sound:getSampleRateGet the sample rate of the Sound.
Sound:isStreamCheck if the Sound is a stream.

See also