Basic Thumbsticks

-- Left thumbstick: move and strafe
-- Right thumbstick: rotate the view horizontally

-- Right grip: switch to snap locomotion mode
-- Left grip: enable flying mode
-- Left trigger: switch orientation to left hand controller (can look around while moving)

local motion = {
  pose = lovr.math.newMat4(), -- Transformation in VR initialized to origin (0,0,0) looking down -Z
  thumbstickDeadzone = 0.4,   -- Smaller thumbstick displacements are ignored (too much noise)
  directionFrom = 'head',     -- Movement can be relative to orientation of head or left controller
  flying = false,
  -- Snap motion parameters
  snapTurnAngle = 2 * math.pi / 12,
  dashDistance = 1.5,
  thumbstickCooldownTime = 0.3,
  thumbstickCooldown = 0,
  -- Smooth motion parameters
  turningSpeed = 2 * math.pi * 1 / 6,
  walkingSpeed = 4,
}

function motion.smooth(dt)
  if lovr.headset.isTracked('right') then
    local x, y = lovr.headset.getAxis('right', 'thumbstick')
    -- Smooth horizontal turning
    if math.abs(x) > motion.thumbstickDeadzone then
      motion.pose:rotate(-x * motion.turningSpeed * dt, 0, 1, 0)
    end
  end
  if lovr.headset.isTracked('left') then
    local x, y = lovr.headset.getAxis('left', 'thumbstick')
    local direction = quat(lovr.headset.getOrientation(motion.directionFrom)):direction()
    if not motion.flying then
      direction.y = 0
    end
    -- Smooth strafe movement
    if math.abs(x) > motion.thumbstickDeadzone then
      local strafeVector = quat(-math.pi / 2, 0,1,0):mul(vec3(direction))
      motion.pose:translate(strafeVector * x * motion.walkingSpeed * dt)
    end
    -- Smooth Forward/backward movement
    if math.abs(y) > motion.thumbstickDeadzone then
      motion.pose:translate(direction * y * motion.walkingSpeed * dt)
    end
  end
end

function motion.snap(dt)
  -- Snap horizontal turning
  if lovr.headset.isTracked('right') then
    local x, y = lovr.headset.getAxis('right', 'thumbstick')
    if math.abs(x) > motion.thumbstickDeadzone and motion.thumbstickCooldown < 0 then
      local angle = -x / math.abs(x) * motion.snapTurnAngle
      motion.pose:rotate(angle, 0, 1, 0)
      motion.thumbstickCooldown = motion.thumbstickCooldownTime
    end
  end
  -- Dashing forward/backward
  if lovr.headset.isTracked('left') then
    local x, y = lovr.headset.getAxis('left', 'thumbstick')
    if math.abs(y) > motion.thumbstickDeadzone and motion.thumbstickCooldown < 0 then
      local moveVector = quat(lovr.headset.getOrientation('head')):direction()
      if not motion.flying then
        moveVector.y = 0
      end
      moveVector:mul(y / math.abs(y) * motion.dashDistance)
      motion.pose:translate(moveVector)
      motion.thumbstickCooldown = motion.thumbstickCooldownTime
    end
  end
  motion.thumbstickCooldown = motion.thumbstickCooldown - dt
end

function lovr.update(dt)
  motion.directionFrom = lovr.headset.isDown('left', 'trigger') and 'left' or 'head'
  if lovr.headset.isDown('left', 'grip') then
    motion.flying = true
  elseif lovr.headset.wasReleased('left', 'grip') then
    motion.flying = false
    local height = vec3(motion.pose).y
    motion.pose:translate(0, -height, 0)
  end
  if lovr.headset.isDown('right', 'grip') then
    motion.snap(dt)
  else
    motion.smooth(dt)
  end
end

function lovr.draw()
  lovr.graphics.setBackgroundColor(0.1, 0.1, 0.1)
  lovr.graphics.transform(mat4(motion.pose):invert())
  -- Render hands
  lovr.graphics.setColor(1,1,1)
  local radius = 0.05
  for _, hand in ipairs(lovr.headset.getHands()) do
    -- Whenever pose of hand or head is used, need to account for VR movement
    local poseRW = mat4(lovr.headset.getPose(hand))
    local poseVR = mat4(motion.pose):mul(poseRW)
    poseVR:scale(radius)
    lovr.graphics.sphere(poseVR)
  end
  -- Some scenery
  lovr.math.setRandomSeed(0)
  local goldenRatio = (math.sqrt(5) + 1) / 2
  local goldenAngle = (2 - goldenRatio) * (2 * math.pi)
  local k = 1.8
  for i = 1, 500 do
    local r = math.sqrt(i) * k
    local x = math.cos(goldenAngle * i) * r
    local y = math.sin(goldenAngle * i) * r
    if lovr.math.random() < 0.05 then
      lovr.graphics.setColor(0.5, 0, 0)
    else
      local shade = 0.1 + 0.3 * lovr.math.random()
      lovr.graphics.setColor(shade, shade, shade)
    end
    lovr.graphics.cylinder(x, 0, y,  0.05, math.pi / 2, 1,0,0, 1, 1)
  end
end
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