Creates a new ShaderBlock from a table of variable definitions with their names and types.

shaderBlock = lovr.graphics.newShaderBlock(type, uniforms, flags)


typeBlockTypeWhether the block will be used for read-only uniform data or compute shaders.
uniformstableA table where the keys are uniform names and the values are uniform types. Uniform arrays can be specified by supplying a table as the uniform's value containing the type and the array size.
flagstable{}Optional settings.
.usageBufferUsagedynamicHow the data in the block will be updated.
.readablebooleanfalseWhether the data in the block can be read using ShaderBlock:read.


shaderBlockShaderBlockThe new ShaderBlock.


compute blocks can only be true if compute shaders are supported, see lovr.graphics.getFeatures. Compute blocks may be slightly slower than uniform blocks, but they can also be much, much larger. Uniform blocks are usually limited to around 16 kilobytes in size, depending on hardware.


Create a ShaderBlock to hold a block of useful shader data.

function lovr.load()
  block = lovr.graphics.newShaderBlock('uniform', {
    time = 'float',
    lightCount = 'int',
    lightPositions = { 'vec3', 16 },
    lightColors = { 'vec3', 16 },
    objectCount = 'int',
    objectTransforms = { 'mat4', 256 }

  shader = lovr.graphics.newShader(
    block:getShaderCode('Block') .. -- Define the block in the shader
      vec4 position(mat4 projection, mat4 transform, vec4 vertex) {
        // ...use the object transforms from the block
        return projection * transform * vertex;

    block:getShaderCode('Block') ..
      vec4 color(vec4 gColor, sampler2D image, vec2 uv) {
        // ...use the lights from the block
        return gColor * texture(image, uv);

  -- Bind the block to the shader
  shader:sendBlock('Block', block)

-- Update the data in the block every frame
function lovr.update(dt)
  block:send('time', lovr.timer.getTime())
  block:send('lightCount', lightCount)
  block:send('lightPositions', { { x, y, z}, { x, y, z } })
  -- etc.

See also